There is no item in your cart

Moroccan Architecture

Moroccan Architecture

The unusual architecture is one of Morocco’s most notable attractions.

All around the nation, there are beautiful examples of structures and architectural characteristics, from arches to minarets.

Here are a few of the best examples of Moroccan architecture that you should see while there.

The Historical Importance of Moroccann Architecture

The Koutoubia Mosque and the Bahia Palace in Marrakech are only two examples of Moroccan structures that show the strong influence of Islamic architecture and style.

Moroccan buildings display the long and rich history of the nation. As many of Morocco’s structures have been standing for centuries and are listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

You will be able to recognize the impact of numerous civilizations throughout your trip to Morocco, from Islamic and Berber to Roman and Byzantine.


Riad Layalina

Traditional Moroccan homes called “ryads” or “raids” were initially constructed for the affluent. In bigger cities, raids were often used beginning in the 12th century.

For instance, there are numerous ryads that have been converted into tiny hotels in Marrakesh’s Old Medina City. The riads have a simple exterior due to their construction with “Tadelakt,” a waterproof plaster.

But once you’re inside, a lovely private paradise is there for you. Riad floor plans are distinctive and are typically at least two floors high. In contrast to a traditional home, riads have rooms that face the central courtyard on the inside.

Since there are no windows that can be seen from the outside, this is the cause of the simple exterior. A fountain or tree is frequently positioned in the middle of the inner courtyard, offering a calm respite from the hectic streets.


Rabat Kasbah

The majority of Kasbah is situated in Morocco’s High Atlas Mountains and historically served as the city’s stronghold.

In case of an attack, a clear view of the surroundings was made possible by the altitude, the incredibly high walls, and the watch towers. Kasbah were constructed to blend into the surroundings as a type of camouflage. The “adobe” (a combination of layered stone and mud) used to construct the Kasbah’s walls.

In spite of its size, Kasbah were not regarded as opulent from the outside.

Many Kasbahs were built with security rather than functionality in mind. For instance, the walls of the Kasbah only had a few tiny holes cut out of them to let light in.

Due to the perception that large windows posed a security concern, interior corridors and rooms are often extremely gloomy.

Overall, the building performed a variety of tasks for the city, including hosting the administrative and military hubs and the royal palace.


Madrasa Bou Inania

Madrasas are structures that host Islamic educational institutions. They rose to prominence in the 11th century and spread rapidly throughout the Muslim world.

You can visit Madrasas that are still in operation and instructing students today or take a tour of their remains nowadays.

A riad and a madrasa are structurally comparable in terms of interior design. Inside, there is a sizable courtyard with a fountain or pool where students can congregate and read the Koran.

The Madrasa’s walls are normally tall and frequently have multiple stories.

The inner courtyard below may be seen from the second story thanks to this.

Beautiful mosaic tiles with vibrant designs can be seen all across Madrasas and may be appreciated by every visitor.

There were frequently incorporated elaborate archways connecting rooms, and wooden balconies with carved latticework were also typical and provided seclusion.

Madrasas’ interiors are intricate and beautiful, with patterns and interior decor that may pass for works of art.


A mosque’s corner has towers called minarets from which the muezzin issues the call to prayer. They frequently have terra cotta, calligraphy, or carved geometric patterns as decorations.

They have single windows, and a beautiful finial is on the dome of the minaret. The Koutoubia in Marrakech, which has a distinct sort of design on each side, and the more contemporary minaret in Moulay Idriss, which has green glazed terracotta, are two of the most prominent minarets in Morocco.

Mosques are constructed around a central courtyard that has a decorative fountain and an arched portico. There are two naves in the prayer room.

While some feature intricate ornamental tiling, others are more plain-looking. The mihrab, which faces Mecca and directs prayer, is located at the end of the aisle.


Traditionally homes in morocco have an interior patio with tiles and panels

The carved doorways to homes are a distinctive aspect of Moroccan architecture. Many contain exquisite carvings as well as copper metal work.

Moroccan homes typically include a tiled and paneled inside terrace. Along with ornate stucco and sculptures, arches are also present. In Morocco, terracotta or double-pitch roofs are quite prevalent. Some homes include metalwork that is aesthetically pleasing, such as lanterns, window frames, and balconies.

Ramparts and Gateways

Taroudant Rampart - Many of the historic cities in Morocco have ramparts and gateways which are a distinctive architectural feature

In several of Morocco’s old cities, walls and gates are recognizable architectural elements. Many have ornamental spandrels around them in a horizontal rectangular frame. Some feature shell or floral designs.

Meknes has one of the most recognizable gates. This Almohad-style arch is sandwiched between two towers with extensive crenellations.

Other designs include lozenge tracery in lattice work and lintels with painted bricks in earthen structures.


Marrakech Souks - The houses in a medina crowd together with small windows and huge doors

Small windows and large doors are common features of the crowded dwellings in a medina. Due to the fact that many of the houses open into a courtyard, there is more than meets the eye.

Additionally, there are squares and blind alleyways, as well as rooftop terraces. A mosque, a madrasa, a bread oven, a hammam, and a water fountain may be found in each of the concentric rings that make up many medinas.

Moroccan architecture is a fascinating fusion of styles that reflects the nation’s rich past. Each building, from riads to kasbahs, offers its own beauty and historical story, showing the ongoing history of this extraordinary nation.

Written by


Leave A Comment